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The Wigan Casino was a nightclub in Wigan, England. Operating between and , it became known as a primary venue for Northern soul music.


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Although Wigan Casino is now the most well known, the best attended Northern soul all-night venue at the beginning of the decade was actually the Golden.


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Although Wigan Casino is now the most well known, the best attended Northern soul all-night venue at the beginning of the decade was actually the Golden.


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Oct 23, - "Wigan Casino - A Lifestyle Of Northern Soul" Documentary - A Tribute t.


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Originally shown on peak-time ITV over 23 years ago, this time-capsule documentary about the s northern soul scene is still captivating.


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The Wigan Casino meant nothing to me at the time. this has become the 'stock' footage of every northern soul documentary made since.


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Although Wigan Casino is now the most well known, the best attended Northern soul all-night venue at the beginning of the decade was actually the Golden.


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The Wigan Casino meant nothing to me at the time. this has become the 'stock' footage of every northern soul documentary made since.


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Although Wigan Casino is now the most well known, the best attended Northern soul all-night venue at the beginning of the decade was actually the Golden.


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The Wigan Casino was a nightclub in Wigan, England. Operating between and , it became known as a primary venue for Northern soul music.


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northern soul wigan casino documentary

As the scene developed in the mid and late s, the more contemporary and rhythmically sophisticated sounds of disco and Philly Soul became accepted at certain venues following its adoption at Blackpool Mecca. As in contemporary club culture, Northern soul DJs built up a following based on satisfying the crowd's desires for music that they could not hear anywhere else. Blackpool Mecca suddenly became the home of this new Northern soul sound. Keith Rylatt and Phil Scott wrote:. Additionally, the track samples the famous soul drum break from James Brown 's " Funky Drummer ", performed by Clyde Stubblefield. This included high-waisted, baggy Oxford bags and sports vests. Dismayed at the change in music policy and the frequent drug raids by the police, Eagle quit the club in taking with him his vast collection of UK and imported vinyl. The popularity of the music was further bolstered in the s by a wave of reissues and compilation albums from small British independent record labels. These were often covered with sew-on badges representing soul club memberships. The s — often dismissed as a low period for Northern soul by those who had left the scene in the s — featured almost new venues in places as diverse as Bradford , London, Peterborough, Leighton Buzzard , Whitchurch , Coventry and Leicester. By the reputation of the Twisted Wheel and the type of music being played there had grown nationwide and soul fans were travelling from all over the United Kingdom to attend the Saturday all-nighters. However, other towns and cities across Britain had similar enthusiasts around this time who would tune into pirate radio broadcasts, and record shops would help bring the U. Many of these labels were set up by DJs and collectors who had been part of the original northern soul scene. Of the regular attendees he said, "All they wanted was fast-tempo black dance music Rietveld, northern soul "dancers were fuelled by Dexedrine tablets". The record that initially popularised this change is usually cited as the Carstairs , " It Really Hurts Me Girl " Red Coach , a record initially released late in on promotional copies, but quickly withdrawn due to lack of interest from American radio stations. Many clubs and events were closed down or refused licences due to the concern of local authorities that soul nights attracted drug dealers and users. Later, northern soul dancers started to wear light and loose-fitting clothing for reasons of practicality. Later on, certain clubs and DJs began to move away from the s Motown sound and began to play newer releases with a more contemporary sound. It was just to say "if you've got customers from the north, don't waste time playing them records currently in the U. Starting in September , the Abadi brothers promoted all-night parties at the venue on Saturday nights, with a mixture of live and recorded music. Rarer, more up-tempo imported records were added to the playlist in by the new younger DJs like Brian "45" Phillips up until the club's eventual closure in The Twisted Wheel gained a reputation as a drug haven, and under pressure from the police and other authorities, the club closed in January However, by the late s the popularity of the music and lifestyle associated with the club had spread further across the North and Midlands of England, and a number of new venues had begun to host soul all-nighters. As venues such as the Twisted Wheel evolved into northern soul clubs in the late s and the dancers increasingly demanded newly discovered sounds, DJs began to acquire and play rare and often deleted US releases that had not gained even a release in the UK. A variety of recordings were made later in the s that were specifically aimed at the northern soul scene, which also went on to become UK top 40 hits. Blackpool Mecca was popular throughout the s, although the venue never hosted all-nighters. Ivo Centre in St. The Northern soul scene has had a notable influence on DJ culture, certain musicians, and has been portrayed in literature, theatre and cinema. When Wigan Casino closed in , many believed that the northern soul scene was on the verge of disintegrating. Wilson argues that, although many did not use drugs, their usage was heavily ingrained in the fast-paced culture of the northern soul scene, contributing to participants' ability to stay up all night dancing. While the tempo was similar to the earlier Motown Records -style recordings, this shift in emphasis heralded a slightly different style of Northern soul dancing "modern soul" and dress styles at Blackpool Mecca and created a schism in the Northern soul movement between Wigan Casino's traditionalists and Blackpool Mecca's wider approach, which accepted the more contemporary sounds of Philly soul , early disco and funk. In the late s and early s, popular northern soul records generally dated from the mids. The northern soul movement spawned an active market in reissuing older soul recordings in the UK, several of which became popular enough to actually make the UK charts several years after their original issue. The northern soul movement generally eschews Motown or Motown-influenced music that has had significant mainstream commercial success. Until his departure in , resident 'All Niter' DJ Bob Dee compiled and supervised [7] the playlist, utilising the newly developed slip-cueing technique to spin the vinyl. Featuring spins, flips, karate kicks and backdrops, club dancing styles were often inspired by the stage performances of touring American soul acts such as Little Anthony and the Imperials and Jackie Wilson. From the latter category, two strands emerged: skinheads and the northern soul scene. Disco Demand then released the song as a 45 rpm single, reaching UK No. A technique employed by northern soul DJs in common with their later counterparts was the sequencing of records to create euphoric highs and lows for the crowd.{/INSERTKEYS}{/PARAGRAPH} One version of the video for the song features stereotypical northern soul dancing. The venue most commonly associated with the early development of the northern soul scene was the Twisted Wheel in Manchester. These types of records, which suited the athletic dancing that was prevalent, became known on the scene as "stompers". By this time, Wigan Casino was coming under criticism from many soul fans about selling out the format and playing 'anything that came along'. Today there are regular northern soul events in various parts of the United Kingdom, such as the Nightshift Club all-nighters at the Bisley Pavilion in Surrey and the Prestatyn Weekender in North Wales. As the favoured beat became more uptempo and frantic in the early s, northern soul dancing became more athletic, somewhat resembling the later dance styles of disco and break dancing. Gradually, the music policy became less eclectic and shifted heavily towards fast-paced soul, in response to the demands of the growing crowds of amphetamine-fuelled dancers who flocked to the all-nighters. Many of those who ceased their involvement in the late s have now returned to the scene and regularly participate in such events. The notoriety of DJs on the northern soul scene was enhanced by the possession of rare records, but exclusivity was not enough on its own, and the records had to conform to a certain musical style and gain acceptance on the dance floor. In at least one case, a previously obscure recording was specially remixed to appeal to northern soul fans: the recording " Footsee " by Canadian group the Chosen Few was sped up, overdubbed and remixed to emerge as the UK No. In the late s, when some mods started to embrace freakbeat and psychedelic rock , other mods — especially those in Northern England — stuck to the original mod soundtrack of soul and Blue Beat. {PARAGRAPH}{INSERTKEYS}Northern soul is a music and dance movement that emerged in Northern England and the English Midlands in the late s from the British mod scene, based on a particular style of black American soul music , especially from the mids, with a heavy beat and fast tempo bpm and above. The music of Yorkshire singer John Newman has been described as 'northern soul', including his No. Many argue that Northern soul was instrumental in creating a network of clubs, DJs, record collectors and dealers in the UK, and was the first music scene to provide the British charts with records that sold entirely on the strength of club play. By the late s, the club had its own spin-off record label, Casino Classics. We went through this collection, me, Andy Hanley, and Bernie Golding, and we found three copies of the Carstairs record. These records were sometimes obtained through specialist importers or, in some cases, by DJs visiting the US and purchasing old warehouse stock. Dave Godin is generally credited with being the first UK entrepreneur to start this trend, setting up the Soul City label in , and striking a deal with EMI to licence Gene Chandler 's recording "Nothing Can Stop Me", which had been popular for several years at the Twisted Wheel. I told him I wanted this Carstairs record and he'd just had a shipment in from America of , demo records from radio stations. However, the s mod revival , the thriving scooterboy subculture and the acid jazz movement produced a new wave of fans. Although Wigan Casino is now the most well known, the best attended Northern soul all-night venue at the beginning of the decade was actually the Golden Torch, where regular Friday night soul "all-nighters" began during the latter months of Chris Burton, the owner, stated that by , the club had a membership of 12,, and had hosted 62, separate customer visits. As the scene increased in popularity, a network of UK record dealers emerged who could acquire further copies of the original vinyl and supply them to fans at prices commensurate with their rarity and desirability. The regular Saturday night events began at 8. Early Northern soul fashion included strong elements of the classic mod style, such as button-down Ben Sherman shirts, blazers with centre vents and unusual numbers of buttons, trickers and brogue shoes and shrink-to-fit Levi's jeans. McAleer gave a white label promotional copy to Russ Winstanley a Wigan Casino DJ and promoter , and the tune became popular among the dancers at the venue. I had started to notice that northern football fans who were in London to follow their team were coming into the store to buy records, but they weren't interested in the latest developments in the black American chart. It had previously been thought that all the original versions had been destroyed when rival label EMI won the rights to release the single. Northern Soul was the music made by hundreds of singers and bands who were copying the Detroit sound of Motown pop. This meant that the movement was sustained and "new" recordings added to playlists by prominent DJs discovering rare and previously overlooked records. Contemporary black American soul was changing with the advent of funk , disco and jazz-funk , and the supply of recordings with the fast-paced northern soul sound began to dwindle rapidly. Some northern soul records were so rare that only a handful of copies were known to exist, so specific DJs and clubs became associated with particular records that were almost exclusively in their own playlists. Pubs such as the Eagle in Birmingham were frequented by young British soul singers such as Steve Winwood and Robert Plant , who both released songs of similar style to the early U. Northern soul reached the peak of its popularity in the mid- to lates. Went back to Blackpool, played the record and changed the whole scene. I would've heard this record in , when it was supposedly released, but not obtained it until There was a notable scene in the east of England: Shades Northampton was one of the leading venues in this part of the country during the early s until it closed it doors in Later came the all-nighters at the St. This work details the lifestyles associated with the northern soul scene and the extensive use of amphetamines otherwise known as speed by many involved. In , The Four Seasons released the song " The Night ", from their May album Chameleon , a disco song which appealed to the northern soul scene, [14] and as a result, it was successfully re-released in the UK in the spring of Wigan Casino began its weekly soul all-nighters in September By , the club had a membership of , people, and in , was voted the world's number one discotheque by Billboard. As a result, Wigan Casino DJs resorted to playing any kind of record that matched the correct tempo. Northern soul is associated with particular dance styles and fashions that grew out of the underground rhythm and soul scene of the late s at venues such as the Twisted Wheel in Manchester. Most of the records were complete failures in their own time and place The music style most associated with northern soul is the heavy, syncopated beat and fast tempo of mids Motown Records , which was usually combined with soulful vocals. Other related music styles also gained acceptance in the northern soul scene. A large proportion of northern soul's original audience came from within the s mod subculture. In , Andrew Wilson lecturer in criminology at the University of Sheffield published the extensively researched sociological study Northern Soul: Music, drugs and subcultural identity. He plays three Northern soul hits, often at the request of his listeners. With contemporary black music evolving into what would eventually become known as funk , the die-hard soul lovers of Northern England still preferred the mids era of Motown-sounding black American dance music. The trend continued into the s, as many songs from the s that were revived on the northern soul scene were reissued by their original labels and became UK top 40 hits. The clenched raised fist symbol that has become associated with the Northern soul movement emanates from the s Black Power movement of the United States. The club began in the early s as a beatnik coffee bar called The Left Wing, but in early , the run-down premises were leased by two Manchester businessmen Ivor and Phil Abadi and turned into a music venue. The competitiveness between DJs to unearth 'in-demand' sounds led them to cover up the labels on their records, giving rise to the modern white label pressing. I devised the name as a shorthand sales term. Godin referred to the latter's requests as "Northern Soul":. The Northern soul movement is cited by many as being a significant step towards the creation of contemporary club culture and of the superstar DJ culture of the s.